Dibru-Saikhowa National Park is a National Wildlife park in Tinsukia, Assam, India.
Dibru-Saikhowa National Park is located at about 12 km north of Tinsukia town of Assam covering an area of 350 square kilometers. It lies between 27°30′ N to 27°45′ N latitude and 95°10′ E to 95°45’E longitude at an average altitude of 118 m (range 110-126 m). It is also a Biosphere Reserve. The park is bounded by the Brahmaputra and Lohit Rivers in the north and Dibru River in the south. It is situated in Dibrugarh and Tinsukia district of Assam.
It mainly consists of moist mixed semi-evergreen forests, moist mixed deciduous forests, canebrakes and grasslands. It is the largest salix swamp forest in north east India. Situated in the flood plains of the Brahmaputra and the Lohit Rivers, at an altitude of 118 m above sea level, Dibru-Saikhowa is a heaven for many endangered species. It is rich in fish diversity. Dibru Saikhowa has tropical monsoon climate with a hot and wet summer and cool and usually dry winter. The annual rainfall ranges from 2300 mm to 3800 mm. The main rainy months are June, July, August, September. The average coldest and warmest temperature of the area ranges from 7 °C to 34 °C where June, July and August are the hottest while December and January are the coolest months.
Thirty-six species of mammals have been recorded from the Dibru-Saikhowa, of which 12 are listed in the Schedule 1 of the Wildlife (Protection) Act of 1972. Royal Bengal Tiger, Leopard, Clouded Leopard, Jungle Cat, Sloth Bear, Dhole, Small Indian Civet, Malayan Giant Squirrel, Chinese Pangolin, Gangetic Dolphin, Slow Loris, Pig Tailed Macaque, Assamese Macaque, Rhesus Macaque, Capped Langur, Hoolock Gibbon, Asian Elephant, Wild Boar, Sambar, Hog Deer, Barking Deer, Asiatic Water Buffalo and Feral Horse.
Dibru-Saikhowa is rich and diverse in herpetofauna. Two species of Monitor Lizard, eight species of Turtle and eight species of Snakes have been recorded.
The birds of Dibru-Saikhowa include Greater Adjutant, Lesser Adjutant, Indian Cormorant, Grey Heron, Purple Heron, Black-Crowned Night Heron, Yellow Bittern, Asian Openbill, Black Stork, Fulvous Whistling-Duck, Greylag Goose, Northern Pintail, Pallas’s Fish-Eagle, Eurasian Griffon, Osprey, Crested Serpent-Eagle, Spot-Billed Pelican, White-Winged Wood Duck, Baer’s Pochard, Greater Spotted Eagle, Bengal Florican, Pale-Capped Pigeon, Great Pied Hornbill, Marsh Babbler, Jerdon’s Babbler, Black-Breasted Parrotbill etc and many mores.