Pobitora Wildlife Sanctuary is a wildlife reserve in the Morigaon district of Assam, India. It has a dense population of the Great Indian One-Horned Rhinoceros. It covers 38.8 square kilometers. Though the total notified area of the park is 38.80 square kilometres, only 16 square kilometres is the effective Rhino habitat. Pobitora was declared a reserved forest in 1971 and a wildlife sanctuary in 1987.
Besides Rhinoceros, the other animals are Leopard, Wild Boar, Barking Deer, Wild Buffalo etc. Pobitora Wildlife Sanctuary is also home to more than 2000 migratory birds and various reptiles. It is also an Important Bird Area. Pobitora has exceeded its rhino-bearing capacity and is overpopulated. The animals have begun moving outside the sanctuary in search of food, and chances of serious man-animal conflict are quite rife.
Pobitora is also home to over 375 species of birds.